Hemp CBD Background:
Hemp (Cannabis Sativa) The earliest cultivation was about 8,000 years ago in Central Asia/China.
Around 1200 BC hemp made its way to Europe.
Earliest recorded therapeutic use dates back to 1400-2000 BC
1850 Cannabis Sativa was added to the U.S. Pharmacopeia, but was removed in 1940 due to a 1930s smear campaign that lumped Hemp and Marijuana leading to Cannabis Prohibition. However, during WWII Cannabis prohibition was lifted and cultivation of hemp was encouraged (mainly for fiber) leading to 1,000,000 acres grown in the U.S.
In 1990 the Endocannabinoid System was discovered in rats. Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are naturally produced in the body by the brain. These cannabinoids bind to cannabinoid receptors on target cells throughout the body.
All vertebrates—mammals, bird, reptiles, amphibians, fish, etc, all produce endocannabinoids! Scientists have found that cannabinoid receptors are present throughout the body, including our skin, immune cells, bone, fat tissue, liver, pancreas, skeletal muscle, heart, blood vessels, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract. We now know the endocannabinoid system is involved in a wide variety of processes, including pain, memory, mood, appetite, stress, sleep, metabolism, immune function, and reproductive function. Endocannabinoids are arguably one of the most widespread and versatile signaling molecules known to man. Embedded in cell membranes, they are believed to be more numerous than any other receptor system. Two cannabinoid receptors in the brain have been identified and are known as CB1 and CB2.
– CB1 is mostly found in the nervous system, connective tissue, glands and organs
– CB2 is mostly found in the immune system and associated structures.
Where does supplemental CBD come in? The cannabis plant produces over 100 types of cannabinoids called phytocannabinoids. While our bodies do produce Endocannabinoids, sometimes our bodies have difficulties maintaining balance. By providing our bodies with a phytocannabinoid such as CBD oil (or other cannabinoids, get ready to see a lot about CBG) it helps our bodies regulate our Endocannabinoid System.
What about THC? THC is a cannabinoid that is known for producing psychoactive effects. The definition of hemp is “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis” When compared to its cousin, marijuana, it is normal to find THC percentages in the 20% range. To be clear, Hemp cannot legally contain more than 0.3% THC. This will not get anyone “high”.
Why is THC important in Hemp? Simply put “the entourage effect”. Basically all the cannabinoids from the plant work together to help the body regulate its Endocannabinoid System. There are over 100 cannabinoids in the hemp plant. Most are in very small percentages compared to CBD, however we are finding they all have an important role and work together to provide maximum benefits.
What is the difference between Full Spectrum and Broad Spectrum oils? The simple difference is Full spectrum contains all the cannabinoids present in the plant whereas broad spectrum contains all the cannabinoids except THC. However, while we see this claim a lot what it really means is the lab analysis equipment can only measure a certain range meaning the THC is too low to detect.
Dreaming Field Farm LLC Disclaimer: The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from healthcare practitioners. Please consult your healthcare professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.